Zuni Waffle Garden
Garden space at least
3' x 3'
Add a bag of manure or
aged compost per 3'x 3' area
Shovel, spade, iron
rake, cultivator, trowel | ruler
Zuni people of New Mexico
are famous for their smart water conservation practices. This talented Native
American tribe was 'way ahead of other farmers in North America with their
irrigation practices. "Irrigation" means bringing water to crops when water
doesn't flow by them naturally. The Zuni people lived in a hot, dry area, so
their ability to keep their food crops watered with their innovative techniques
was a real plus.
"waffle garden" is simply the way the Zuni people sculpted the soil before they
planted their seeds. The grid of raised soil, with a lower area inside, kept
rainfall in place around the plants' roots, and not run off and be wasted.
can make a Zuni Waffle Garden simply by cultivating, or digging, a garden area
big enough for at least three squares across and three squares down. It will
look like a tic-tac-toe board of dirt!
various garden tools and dig down about one foot. The soil should be broken
down into the consistency of brownie mix, with very few clods. Break up any
clods that remain with your hands.
go to the upper left corner of your plot. Drag a ruler toward you and back away
from you, and then from side to side. You will end up with one square foot of
soil on a lower level, with a ridge of dirt on all four sides. Now move to the
right, and make another square in the same way. See how you are forming a grid
that's like a waffle? Keep going until you have the number of squares you want.
Native Americans planted the Three Sisters plants in their waffle gardens, and
you could follow their example:
1. sweet corn, which would grow tall very quickly;
2. green beans, which climb up the sweet corn for
3. squash vine, which will sprawl around and shade the
soil under the corn and beans, keeping weeds down.
can plant whatever you would like in yours. Plant seeds in April to mid-May.
Plant three of each in each square to make sure you get at least one healthy
start. Water daily and watch the seedlings sprout. When they're about three
inches tall, choose a "winner" and cut off the other two rejects of each type
of plant at the soil line and let them die. That's OK - you just want one good
plant of each kind in each square or it'll be too crowded.
you're starting later than mid-May, purchase started plants if you're working
when you water your garden, simply hold the hose inside each square of the grid
for a few seconds and let the water sink in. It's a good idea to water your
garden every day for the first week, and then every other day for the second
week, and after that, water a couple of times of week, depending on whether it
rained or how hot it is. The Zuni people had to deal with desert conditions . .
. but you have access to a garden hose, so use it!
word of warning: bunnies LOVE these plants, so you might talk to a parent about
building a chicken wire fence around your waffle garden. Also note that your
squash vines will probably sprawl out in several directions, so it might be
helpful to have extra space outside your grid.
also fun to plant a different color and type of flower in each square of your
Zuni Waffle Garden. When they bloom, it looks like a colorful quilt!